JEREMIAH HORROCKS (1617-1641)
This English astronomer observed the transit of Venus across the sun using the 'Camera Obscura', 24th November. The German astronomer Kepler predicted the event, but Jeremiah Horrocks corrected Keplers calculation to the exact day of the year.
The famous painting by William Richard Lavender in 1903 shows Horrocks observing the transit of Venus. This painting's at the Astley Hall Museum. Another work of art depicting this event is ‘First Observation of a Transit of Venus’ by Eyre Crowe, housed at the Walker Art Gallery / National Museums, Liverpool.
May 11, 2012 Subject:
Review of Horrox portion only.
This is extraordinary! The 1859 translation is sufficiently modern English as to be readily understandable. The work communicates not only the science, but the heart, soul and emotions of Horrox 400 years ago when he made his unprecedented observation. Horrox references "Alhazen the Arabian". This is a scientific reference to "Book of Optics", AD 1011~1021, the very birth of science itself. Horrox speaks glowingly of Kepler, in poetry, but also corrects Kepler's errors. Kepler died in 1630 and is therefore almost a contemporary of Horrox, rather than historical as we would consider him. Additional poetry is scathingly critical of Ptolemy, which is reasonable scientifically, but also of Americans, which is really a cultural insight into Horrox.
Science, and people, are extraordinarily fortunate to have available this remarkable document, which spans science, natural philosophy, humanity, and history.